World Cancer Day
The theme for World Cancer Day from 2016 to 2018 is “We Can. I Can”. The main aim of this theme is to gather people globally, individually and collectively, study, understand and work towards the impact and effects of cancer all over the world.
On Sunday, February 4, people will be celebrating World Cancer Day in order to raise awareness among millions of people who face unequal access to cancer detection, treatment, and care services. Cancer is recently recognized by World Health Organization (WHO) as the leading cause of global morbidity. Is the second highest killer throughout the world.
Facts about Cancer –
- Cancer is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality all over the world, with % of new cases is increasing day by day.
- The number of new cases is expected to grow by 70% in next one or two decades.
- Second-leading causes of death and was responsible for 8.8 million deaths.
- One-third of death from cancer is due to lifestyle and dietary risks: high BMI, no or low intake of fruits and vegetables, no physical activity, more of tobacco and alcohol intake.
- Approximately 22% of cancer death is due to tobacco and is one of the most important risk factors.
- 25% of cases in low and middle class are due to cancer-causing infection such as hepatitis and human papilloma virus (HPV).
Myths and Facts about Cancer –
Myth – No answer for Cancer
Fact – Not so true, scientists are making a huge progress in Healthcare field and are continuously making progress in medicines for diagnostic and treatments of deadly diseases. Now cancer is also curable in the early stage. Looking at today’s scenario of late-stage cancers and locally advanced cancers now they have effective treatment protocol which can prolong life and are even getting cured in a good amount of cases.
Myth – Old age disease
Fact – Majority of the cancer cases takes place above 50 years of age, but looking at today’s analytics and lifestyle there has been increased in the number of cases among young generation. Not only much young age people are getting diagnostics for cancer but the cases found is more aggressive in them than old peoples.
Myth – Biopsy causes spread of Cancer
Fact – FNAC (fine needle aspiration cytology) of Biopsy leads to spread of cancer is the common myth among so many of us. But the fact is biopsies are done by surgeons and surgical oncologist taking all the health risk in mind of the patient which does not lead to any spread. An FNAC or biopsy is an essential part of cancer diagnosis and treatment and should not be ignored at all.
Myth – Chemotherapy and Radiotherapy is painful
Fact – Again a false statement, while going under chemotherapy you may feel a pinch of injection but chemotherapy is not at all pain as a whole. Yes, there is side-effect associated with chemotherapy post period, but better supportive care takes care of those. With new techniques of radiotherapy, side effects have been drastically reduced and it is totally painless.
Myth – Cancer is painful and painless lumps aren’t cancerous
Fact – One of the biggest myth today is many of us are ignoring painless lumps, thinking they will automatically get resolved by themselves. But ignoring such lumps pain can lead to more and more of pain in a later stage, early-stage cancer is painless lumps. So it is essential to show an early stage lump pain to your Family Doctor or General Practitioner and for a second opinion to Oncologist.
Signs and Symptoms of the Most Common Types of Cancer in India –
Cancer among woman globally is estimated around 0.7 million reported cases. Every year India reports more than millions of cancer cases, and among this half, a million death happens due to ignorance of this disease. The most common cancers in India are breast cancer, cervical cancer and oral.
1. Breast Cancer –
One of the most leading diseases in India is breast cancer. There are various symptoms to detect breast cancer. Symptoms include painless lumps in the breast, a sudden change in shape and size, bloody discharge from the nipple, etc. are some of the signs. And the main screening tool to detect early breast cancer is Mammography. This includes taking an x-ray of the breast and it then shows the normal and abnormal structure within. A self-breast examination should be thought to every female and encourage them to spread awareness and educate them from age of 18.Read More.
2. Cervical Cancer –
When abnormal cells on the cervix grow out of control that might be the signs of Cervical Cancer. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus. This cancer can be treated only if it is detected at early stage, and it can be treated completely. Cervical cancer can be diagnosed by PAP test. PAP is the only test to detect cervical cancer. In this test sample of biopsy tissues are taken, the doctor scrapes the sample of cells from the surface of the cervix to look for abnormal cell change. The doctor may do other tests on your cervix.Read More.
3. Oral Cancer –
Not only in India but oral cancer is one of the major problems in the world. The main risk to develop the oral cancer is tobacco and alcohol consumption. Early detection of oral cancer has led to significant amount of decrease in death rates and sufferings. Symptoms of oral cancer are a pain in throat, long-standing ulcers in the mouth, loosening of teeth, difficulty in chewing and swallowing and change in voice. Regular examination either by self or by a dentist is advised for people who eat or smoke tobacco.Read More.
Surprising things that you didn’t know cause cancer –
1. Red Meat or Processed one –
Processed meat is a ‘definitive cause’ of cancer and red meat is a ‘probable’ cause. Processed meat increase risk of colorectal cancer by 18% for every 50 grams. It is been already know that processed meat is high in sodium and fatty acids.
2. Parabens –
99% of breast cancer patient have parabens in their body. Not to freak you out but there are dangerous chemicals in beauty products you use and when you apply them on your skin they get absorbed into the bloodstream and slowly build up toxicity over time.
3. Alcohol –
Researchers have found that no amount of drinking is recommended on health grounds.
There was saying that drinking a portion of wine for age over 40 can cut down the risk of heart disease in men and women. But now changing lifestyle in a quick way and considering today’s health problems and issues experts say no to drinking.
4. UV Radiation –
A UV ray causes skin cancer. Over 95% of skin cancers are from direct UV rays from the sun. It is totally true that sun is a direct natural source of vitamin D but too much exposure to it can lead to sunburn, premature aging, eye damage and skin damage leading to cancer.
5. Working Night Shifts –
Women who are working in night shifts are at the greater risk of heart attack, strokes, and cancer than of those who work 9 to 5. Night shift disturbs your body clock. A person who works five or more than five years in rotating night shifts were at an increased risk of death from heart disease and cancers.
Things you can do to reduce your risk for cancer –
1. Avoid Tobacco –
One of the leading and single most preventable cause of cancer, including many other non-communicable diseases. Smoking link to various types of cancer which includes lungs, mouth, throat, pancreas, cervix, kidney, etc. Second-hand smoking causes lung cancer in non-smoking adults.
2. Eat Healthy Diet –
Plan proper diet, include a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains and beans which are loaded with lots of Nutrients. Say no to refined sugars and fats from animal’s sources. Get Customised Diet.
3. Drink in moderation –
Though drinking is not the option if you wish to then do so only in moderation. Drinking alcohol leads to many types of cancer particular cancers of mouth, throat, bowel, liver, and breast.
4. Stay active and maintain good health and weight –
Being overweight, not maintaining proper lifestyle and not staying active can put you at higher risk of getting cancer. Maintain a healthy weight with proper diet and exercise. Doing physical exercise 20minutes a day can lower your risk of getting cancer. Check Your BMI Online.
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