Vaccines Help Child
Types of Immunization for Your Child
Protecting your child’s health is very important to you. That’s why most parents choose immunization. Nothing protects babies better from 14 serious childhood diseases. Choose immunization. It’s the powerful defense that’s safe, proven, and effective.
BCG Vaccine: Protects against tuberculosis, mainly severe forms of tuberculosis.
Polio Vaccine: Protects against poliomyelitis (Polio), a dreaded childhood disease leading to permanent weakness or paralysis of legs, arms or both, which can lead to permanent disability or even death. There are two types of polio vaccine
- Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)
- Inactivated Polio Vaccine (IPV), which is available as an injection.
Hepatitis B Vaccine: Protects against contagious liver disease those results from infection with Hepatitis B virus. Diseases that can cause
- Lifelong infection
- Liver cancer
- Liver failure and even death.
Hepatitis B virus spreads through contaminated blood & body fluids.
Hepatitis A Vaccine:Protects against a contagious liver disease that results from infection with Hepatitis A virus. Hepatitis A mainly spreads through contaminated food & water. Besides jaundice other symptoms are vomiting, loss of appetite & abdominal pain which may last up to 4 weeks. In some children this may progress to liver failure, resulting in hospitalization & even death.
Hepatitis A & B are two different forms of viral hepatitis caused by different viruses. Vaccination against Hepatitis B does not protect against Hepatitis A and vice versa.
Oral Rotavirus Vaccine: Protects against Rotavirus Diahorrea, the most common cause of Diahorrea & dehydration in infants. The disease is characterized by vomiting and explosive watery Diahorrea (up-to 10 times a day) for 3-8 days. In spite of good hygiene, Rotavirus Diarrhea is unavoidable as almost every child is infected with Rotavirus by the age of 5 years.
DTP Vaccine: DTP is a combination of vaccine that protects against Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis. Diphtheria causes a thick covering blocking the throat & respiration. It can lead to breathing problems, paralysis, heart failure and even death. Tetanus is a serious disease that causes a painful tightening of muscles, usually all over the body. Pertussis is a contagious disease of the respiratory tract caused by bacteria. Many children who contract pertussis have coughing spells that last four to eight weeks. The disease is most dangerous in infants.
Two types of vaccines
- Currently used DTP vaccine known as Whole-cell DTP vaccines. They are many decades old and are often associated with range of side effects.
- The latest and technologically advanced Acellular DTP vaccine (Gentle DTP). They are as effective and come with significantly lesser side effects
TDap vaccine: protects kids 10 years and against Diphtheria, tetanus & peturssis as immunity wanes following primary vaccination with DTP vaccination
Hib vaccines protects against meningitis (an infection of the covering of the brain and spinal cord), pneumonia(lung infection ), epiglottitis (a serve throat infection) and other serious infection caused by a type of bacteria called bacteria hemophilic influenza type b. the risk of diseases is highest for children between 6 months and 2 years age.
Pneumonia vaccines against pneumonia and meningitis leading to hospitalization and death caused by some strained of Streptococcus pneumonia. Young children (younger than age 5 years) have the highest incidents of serious diseases.
Infuenza (flu) vaccinesProtects against contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. it can cause mild to serve illness and can also lead to hospitalization and death
Measles vaccines protects against measles- high contagious and serious diseases with 20% of reported cases experiencing one or more complications (ear infection, pneumonia). Complication from measles is more common among very young children (younger than 5 years of age). It is spread by droplets or direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected persons.
MMR vaccines Protects against 3 common childhood viral diseases namely measles..mumps &rubella (German measles). Mumps causes fever, muscle ache and loss of appetite followed by swelling of the salivary gland. In some children complications such as inflammation of the brain and spinal cord(encephalitis/meningitis) inflammation of the testicles inflammation of the ovaries and/breasts, deafness may be seen. Rubella is an acute viral disease that causes fever and rashes .if a pregnant woman is infected up to 85% of infants will be born with some type of birth defects including deafness, eye defects, heart defects and mental retardation.
Chicken pox vaccines protects against diseases caused by exposure to the vermicelli zoster virus. A skin rash with blisters (250-500) covering the body but usually on the face scalp and trunk. This virus can also lead to pneumonia or infection of the brain. These complications are rare but serious. Almost everyone suffers from this infection in life. Vaccination is an effective way of preventing suffering from chickenpox and herpes.
Typhoid vaccines protects from typhoid fever a life-threatening illness caused by the bacterium salmonella tempi .patients suffering from typhoid fever as high as 103 to 104 f. with stomach pain headache and loss of appetite.
Cervical cancer (HPV) Vaccine- protects against cervical cancer the most common cancer amongst Indian women, even more, common than breast cancer. Every year 74,000 women in India die due to cervical cancer. The new HPV vaccine can be given after the age of 10 years and is given in 3 doses. Vaccination along with regular screening provides the best possible protection against cervical cancer.
A Friendly Reminder for parents
Adults need vaccination too! Check with your doctor to know what vaccine you might need. Your baby is counting on you.
Important Links –
What Vaccine to Give and When – Immunization Vaccination Schedule
Swine Flu Vaccines
Vaccination TIPs …
Monitor your toddler’s growth using Child Growth Charts
Vaccinations for Adults – You’re never too old to get immunized!
HOW VACCINES WORK
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