Before vaccination / immunization tell your doctor if the child
- Has ever had Fits or Convulsion.
- Has ever had a reaction to last dose.
- Is unwell in any way.
First and foremost, the Vaccinations should be given as per schedule at the right time. Delaying or missing vaccination can detrimental to your child’s health. This is where technology can help you. You can register for a Vaccination tracker and get regular updates and reminders when vaccinations are due so that you never miss a Vaccination
Place for injections
When two injections are given at one session they should be given at parts of the baby’s body. BCG; Intramuscular, left shoulder, at the level of origin of the deltoid muscle.
- OPT TT; intramuscular, anterolateral aspect of thigh or upper outer quadrant of gluteus muscle.
- Measles, MMR; subcutaneous anterolateral thigh or upper arm.
- HB; intramuscular, anterolateral thigh or upper arm.
If for some reason the time table cannot be applied exactly, a minimum interval of 4 weeks must be given between two successive vaccine sessions.
Something more about Vaccination
- Vaccines are usually safe. The benefits of vaccination outweigh any risk associated with the vaccination.
- Prior to vaccination inform your doctor if the child has any significant reaction to the last dose.
- Vaccination can be given in the presence of minor illness.
- Mild cough/ common cold (without fever)is not a contraindication for vaccination.
- DPT vaccination may be followed by mild fever for 2days.
- Report to the doctor if the child gets convulsions or very high fever or cries excessively for more than 2 days after DPT vaccination.
- Prior to DPT vaccination inform your doctor if the child had developed any convulsion(fits) anytime in the past.
Things to follow for your child’s vaccine visit “post the shots”
Sometimes your child may experience post vaccination effects like pain in the injected area, dizziness, fever etc. These are very much normal and will pass by soon. But yet, since the child’s comfort is what matters, you can follow certain steps:
- Thoroughly review the information your doctor gives you about the shots, the side effects or after effects of the vaccine part.
- You can use a cool, wet cloth to reduce the burn, redness, soreness, irritation, pain and swelling in the place of shot given.
- Pay extra attention to the child for a few days. If you see something unusual apart from the side effects, that concerns you, call the doctor without any further delay.
Vaccination After effect
- BCG:A lump appears 3-4 weeks after BCG. It may soften and discharge puts for upto 2 weeks. No application or fomentation is necessary. A smaller scar remains at the site. Contact your doctor if a swelling occurs at the armpit.
- DOT (Triple)- DTaP:There may be mild fever- pain, redness and swelling at the site of the injection. A small painless lump may remain for few weeks. For fever and pain, Paracetamol drops/ syrup may be given. The dose can be repeated every 4-6 hrs if required. Fever and pain are considerably less if DTaP is given. Please consult your doctor if the fever is more than 103 F or child suffers from persistent screaming or crying.
- MEASLES/ MMR:A few children get fever 4-10 days after vaccination. There may be associated cough, cold and mild rash. Paracetamol drops/ syrup may be given if required.
- HIB/ Typhoid Vaccine:Mild fever or pain may occur. Paracetamol syrup may be given if required.
Things to follow for your child’s vaccine visit
Before the visit: Always come prepared! So that it becomes less stressful.
- Read the vaccine booklets or documents you received from your child’s healthcare professional and note down your FAQs or queries.
- Gather more information about the benefits and risks/side effects associated with the vaccines that your child will receive by reviewing Vaccine Information Statements.
- You can also request Vaccine Information Statements/records at the doctor.
- Carry your child’s personal immunization record for your appointment. An up-to- date record tells your doctor exactly what shots your child has already received and which of them are due.
- Grab a favorite toy or book, and a cozy blanket that your child can’t do without to comfort him/her. Because diverting their mind and distracting them makes the work smoother.
For older children: The efforts needed here will be comparatively less. Yet things might get slightly tricky here so do follow certain steps.
- Be honest with your child. Explain that shots can hurt, pinch or sting, but not hurt for long.
- Engage other family members, especially older siblings, to support your child.
- Avoid telling scary stories or threatening them about the shots.
- Always tell the children about the health benefits of the vaccines so that they know it’s worth the pain
Important Links –
What Vaccine to Give and When – Immunization Vaccination Schedule
How Do Vaccines Help My Child?
Swine Flu Vaccines
Monitor your toddler’s growth using Child Growth Charts
General Diet Plan
Personalized Diet Plan
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