The World is very beautiful. Mountains, Trees, Rivers, Animals, human beings, Birds, lakes are full of beauty and to enjoy, feel, see you need to protect eyes. Suppose one day you wake up and find that you can’t see anything. What will you do? Surmising this situation is quite haunting. We can see this beautiful world with the help of our eyes. Without eyesight everywhere will be darkness, life will become very difficult. Glaucoma is one of the eye related disorders that damages your Eyesight and leads to permanent Blindness. The surprising fact is that 50% of affected people in developed countries are not aware of their illness. The number may reach to 90% in developing and underdeveloped countries.
The shocking fact is that the Vision Loss from glaucoma is irreversible. Does this mean that the Disease is incurable? Universal treatment for any disease is “Prevention”. Whenever the term “Treatment” comes I recall the famous proverb “Prevention is better than cure”. Seems easy, no? But the actual implementation of the proverb is not that easy. Therefore the next useful Mantra is “Early Detection, Early Cure”. That means the earlier you diagnose, more the disease is treatable. But in the case of Glaucoma, the only second mantra is applicable. Glaucoma is not preventable. You can only control the condition by early diagnosis.
Hence, here are some facts about Glaucoma that will surely help you to protect yourself from Glaucomic Blindness.
What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a disorder that affects the eye’s optic nerve and can result in vision loss and blindness. This Disease builds up pressure inside the eye (Intraocular pressure), which damages the optic nerve. The Prolonged condition leads to permanent vision loss.
Glaucoma in Global scenario
4.5 Million People have lost their eyesight worldwide due to Glaucoma. It is the second most common cause of Blindness. More than 12% of Blindness is caused by Glaucoma.
Glaucoma in India
It is the 3rd leading cause of blindness in India. 12 million people are affected which is 12.8% of the total blindness.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
In most cases of glaucoma, patients do not show any early symptoms. One needs to go for regular eye checkup to diagnose the ailment. But some warning signs are:
Causes & High Risk Groups
It can affect any age group, including newborn, children, Teenagers, Adults and elderly, but the following people are at higher risk:
- People over 40 years of age
- Who have family members affected with Glaucoma. It can be inherited.
- Those who have received steroid containing preparations in the form of tablets, ointments, drops, puffs or injections.
- Those who have diabetes/ thyroid disease / hypertension
- Those who see the rainbow colored rings around bright light
- Those who take pills for sleep, Parkinsonism, Anxiety, Asthma, or Depression.
- Those who change their glasses rapidly.
- Those who have had a face or eye injury.
- Those who have headaches.
- Those who have Myopia.
Laser surgery increases the flow of the fluid from the eye of people suffering from open-angle glaucoma, and stops fluid blockage for people suffering from angle-closure glaucoma.
Eye drops lower the production of the fluid and increase its outflow. But it can cause Allergic reactions such as redness, irritation, or blurred eyesight.
It is a Microsurgery in which a new channel is created to drain the fluid and ease eye pressure. Sometimes this form of glaucoma surgery fails and can cause bleeding, infection or vision loss.
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