Monsoon season Vector Borne Water Borne Diseases
We all welcome rain with more excitement respite from the hot sunny days this year. Monsoon season is really very important to the country but it creates so many health problems when there is water stagnation around the people living areas. When the rainwater doesn’t drain properly it nonetheless brought with it fears of vector-borne diseases. Rainwater that stays inside the unused tires, buckets, utensils, etc. are the main reasons that give birth to the mosquitoes which are known as Vectors of several deadly diseases like Dengue, Malaria. Mosquitoes suck blood from human body while they stay and lay eggs on the undrained water and this gives rise to Vector born diseases like Malaria, Dengue, Chikungunya, etc. in India.
Cases of vector born diseases in October usually declined due to drop in temperature. Due to rain and due to undrained water more than 1000+ cases has already reported in past 2 months. Dengue virus is already present in the body so when even ever the mosquito will bite the probability of dengue virus being carried will increase. Like Dengue other vector born diseases, Malaria and fever will also spread but Dengue causing mosquito higher tendency to bite. To spread awareness and prevention of vector born diseases is a vital thing to do.
Most dangerous disease as the death rate during monsoon increases. It is spread by the female mosquito Anopheles that bites during the night and early morning. You will come to know within 72 hours of the bite, your body will start paining, you will feel tired, sweating, and cold-like symptoms. It can also lead to diarrhea and jaundice.
The most tarnished illness that can be caused during Monsoon season. The Dengue virus is caused by mosquito Aedes that bites during the daytime. You will come to know when you get a high fever in 4 to 7 days from the day of the mosquito bite. There will be rashes and body swelling all over the body and muscle and joint aches. You will feel low, Loss of appetite and unusual pain at the back of your eyes.
Water born Disease:
Water born disease is generally spread by the unhygienic food materials and water. When there are low hygiene and improper sewage system even poor sanitation then water born diseases took place. The main cause of this diseases is street shops which contain contaminated food and water.
It can cause by infection food or water that may contain bacteria Salmonella typhi the main reason of Thyroid fever. The bacteria live in water for several weeks and enters by feco-oral route. Signs of Typhoid include tiredness, lack of desire for food, high fever of 104 degrees, stomach pain also head and body aches, diarrhea, and constipation.
It spread through contaminated water and food, People living in areas where there is low sanitation and unhygienic practices are widely affected. Signs include diarrhea and continuous vomiting, weight loss, dehydration and muscle cramps, a decrease in blood pressure, dryness in the mouth, nose, eyes, throat, etc.
Hepatitis A infection:
It is caused by the Hepatitis A virus and mainly affects the liver. It is transmitted by contact with the patient how is already suffering from Hepatitis A water, food. One can see the following symptoms 2-7 weeks after the virus enters the body. Symptoms include Jaundice, the skin and eyes become yellow, tiredness, nausea, dark color of urine, loss of desire to eat.
It is passed from animals to human beings by means of infected urine and commonly called as ‘Rat fever’. In the rainy season many rats have been killed and washed away which is a threat to us because it dead rats contains bacteria named leptospira and if a person with open skin comes in contact with this bacteria illness starts. Signs include Shivering, Headaches, Nausea and vomiting, Coughing, Pain in the calves and back, Irritation and redness of the eyes.
Precautionary Measures from vector born diseases and water born diseases:
- Wear full sleeves shirts or t-shirts at night and whenever you are stepping out.
- In the market, you will get sprays and lotions and even bands that will help prevent mosquito bite.
- Use rainwater to store and same can be used in the Summer season instead of the stagnation of water.
- Call local authorities like municipal people to make use of spray that will kill mosquitos.
- Cultivation of fishes like Gambusia in nearby ponds or lake will help you prevent the breeding of mosquitoes.
- Nets that has Insecticide-treated can be used at night.
- Eat fresh foods and always keep them covered.
- Use ORS solution to avoid dehydration.
Dos and Don’ts during Rainy Season to stay Healthy
Kids and elders are more susceptible to the harmful effects of the rainy season. The chances of having a vector born diseases and water born diseases increases. Rainy season is the one which helps harmful bacteria and germs to grow therefore the chances of getting deadly diseases and infection becomes high. The one with low immunity will face many problems in Monsoon so they need to take more caution.
- Avoid getting wet in the rain
- Avoid street food
- Avoid wet, dirty clothes
- Always wash hands before eating or touching your face
- Use lotions to avoid mosquito bite
- Don’t enter AC room with damp cloths or hair
- Prevention is always better so take care of yourself
- Eat Balance and Healthy Diet
- Take shower when you get wet
- Use dry clothes and footwear
- Keep home clean and pest free
- Always keep Umbrella and raincoat with you
- Drink purified water