Diagnostic Tests and Packages – Lipid Profile

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We have more heart patients in India than there are people in whole of Australia. Yes that’s right. There are more than 3 Crore heart patients in India. 

This epidemic is only increasing. There has been a 4-fold rise of CHD prevalence in India during the past 40 years. Urban Population is much more likely to have CHD than rural. Current estimates from epidemiologic studies from various parts of the country indicate a prevalence of CHD to be between 7% and 13% in urban and 2% and 7% in rural population.

Lipid Profile 1

But we are good-hearted people, why do we have so many cases of heart disease? 

Well, having a good heart might not necessarily mean having a healthy heart. I think even if you follow and (an) active lifestyle and our love for food that is the primary cause of high cases of cardiac health problems.

Lipid Profile 2Food: We love our pooris, paranthas and mithais. Indian preparations involve excessive use of oil and ghee that are high in cholesterol. When such food is consumed, cholesterol deposits stick to the walls of arteries thereby reducing the blood-carrying capacity of the arteries. This, in turn, leads to the insufficient supply of oxygen-rich blood to the heart and gives rise to coronary heart disease.

Lipid Profile -Fat man eating

In-active Lifestyles: Large population in India has moved very quickly from a labor intensive industry to sedate
work profiles. More children are seen in front of Television sets than on playgrounds. Adults spend their times watching TV-series over and over again rather than going out and being physically active. While there is a rise in fitness activities among urban population, the number of people not following a healthy lifestyle far out number the one’s who get up early in the morning for a run. 

Genetic Predisposition: In a study conducted by American-Indian cardiologist and head of the CADI (Coronary Artery Disease among Asian Indians) Research Foundation, Enas A Enas – Asian Indians are more likely to have high levels of lipoprotein (a), a variant of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, also called bad cholesterol, and a risk factor. Research in India has seconded this finding. So yes, our genes are to be blamed partially. 

Purpose of this blog is not to scare anyone. Rather it’s to make everyone more aware. We  believe that it is essential that Indians get themselves tested for heart disease frequently. Yes, even if you follow and active lifestyle because heart diseases are genetic in nature. We suggest atleast one cardiac checkup every year after the age of 35. 97% of the chances are that you might not have a heart disease. Only way to find out if you have a cardiac health issue or not is to get a Lipid Profile done. 

What is a Lipid Profile? 

Lipid Profile used to help determine an individual’s risk of heart disease. It is also referred to as Cardiac Health Profile. Lipids are a group of fats and fat-like substances that are important constituents of cells and sources of energy. Monitoring and maintaining healthy levels of these lipids is important in staying healthy. There are three major tests for Lipid Profile:

Lipid Profile -Good And Bad Cholesterol

Total cholesterol — this test measures all of the cholesterol in all the lipoprotein particles.

High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) — measures the cholesterol in HDL particles; often called “good cholesterol” because it removes excess cholesterol and carries it to the liver for removal.

Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) — calculates the cholesterol in LDL particles; often called “bad cholesterol” because it deposits excess cholesterol in walls of blood vessels, which can contribute to atherosclerosis. Usually, the amount of LDL-C is calculated using the results of total cholesterol, HDL-C, and triglycerides.

Triglycerides — measures all the triglycerides in all the lipoprotein particles; most is in the very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL).

It is essential that one knows the reference ranges for these tests: 

Lipid Profile Reference Ranges
Reference Ranges Lipid Profile

Data Refereces:
Mohan V., Deepa R., Rani S.S. Prevalence of coronary artery disease and its relationship to lipids in a selected population in South India. J Am Coll Cardiol.

Important Links –
World Stroke Day: Act Quick to Prevent!!!
Difference between Stroke and Heart Attack
Diagnostic Tests and Packages – Thyroid Function Test
Why have a health checkup?
Diagnostic Tests and Packages – Introduction to Diabetes Profile
General Diet Plan
Personalized Diet Plan

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